How is Vinyl SPC Flooring Made?

You may be wondering – How is vinyl SPC flooring made? Unlike laminate, vinyl is composed of different materials and applied with a different application process.

Each plank starts with polyvinyl chloride resins (PVC) added to calcium carbonate. Then, fungicide is tossed in to prevent mold, and UV stabilizers are added to slow the floor’s fading process.

Next is the design phase. The print is pressed directly onto the middle vinyl foam layer to give it a decorative pattern. If the plank is to have texture, it is applied after through a process called chemical embossing.

Then, each plank will be moved to a click-lock system machine.

After the flooring is inspected for quality, it’s sent to the production line where the process is finalized.

Traditional luxury vinyl is created using 5 main layers.

  • Anti-fade UV coating: Increase clarity of grainsgrains, anti -scratch.
  • Transparent wear resistant layer: Anti-impact and it is not easily deformed. Durability is more than 20 years. It is used widely in residential or shopping malls, especially in crowded places
  • Printed décor Layer: Modern design based on the most popular trend in the market today.
  • Rigid SPC Core: It is composed of CaCO3 powder and virgin plastic powder.
  • Underlayment (Options): Increasing adhesion of film and core layer, withstand temperatures from -10°C to – 45°C.
UV coating process in the production of vinyl SPC flooring
UV coating process in the production of vinyl SPC flooring


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